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KIAM Preprint  24, Moscow, 2022
Authors: Zhukov V.T., Koldomov A.V., Orlov Y.N., Shakhramanyan M.A.
The concept of creating an automated system of aerospace monitoring of forest fires
Abstract:
A structure of an automated aerospace monitoring system for monitoring of forest fires and a model for the joint use of satellite monitoring data of the forest fire situation in Russia and clarifying observations of unmanned aerial vehicles are proposed. A comparison of the effectiveness of each of the methods separately is carried out and an assessment of the improvement of the quality of control when they are used together is given. It is shown at the theoretical level that aerial monitoring using satellite observation data gives a significant reduction in the average time to detect a forest fire. To simulate the movement of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), a non-stationary multidimensional Fokker-Planck equation is used with varying diffusion and drift coefficients, determined both by the initial goal of the flight task and by local measurements of gradients of atmospheric parameters (smoke content, temperature). The simulation principle is formulated, which is proposed to be the basis for the optimization of the projected aerospace monitoring system.
Keywords:
forest fire, aerospace monitoring, unmanned aerial vehicle, random trajectory, Fokker-Planck equation
Publication language: russian,  pages: 18
Research direction:
Mathematical modelling in actual problems of science and technics
Russian source text:
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About authors:
  • Zhukov Victor Timofeevich,  orcid.org/0000-0002-0649-1547KIAM RAS
  • Koldomov Andrey Valentinovich,  ,  Main Directorate National Crisis Management Center EMERCOM of Russia
  • Orlov Yurii Nikolaevich,  orcid.org/0000-0002-1356-5137KIAM RAS
  • Shakhramanyan Mikhail Adranikovich,  Financial University under the Government of Russia; Academy of the State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia; All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Defense of Emercom; Institute of Aerospace Monitoring AEROSPACE