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KIAM Preprint  125, Moscow, 2018
Authors: Sushkevich T.A.
To the 55th anniversary of the discovery of stratospheric aerosol layers from space: volcanoes and climate problems (Dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics and its achievements in manned cosmonautics)
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to a class of large problems of aerospace remote sensing and global monitoring of the Earth's climate. In June 2018, the 55th anniversary of the FIRST scientific experiment in the history of world science, carried out by cosmonauts on manned spacecraft- sputnik, is celebrated. It was the FIRST scientific experiment on remote sensing of the Earth from space. Stratospheric aerosol layers formed due to the powerful eruptions of Agung volcano in Bali in 1963 were discovered. The eruptions of Agung volcano in 2017-2018 reminded of the pioneering achievements of Soviet cosmonauts and scientists in the exploration of space. Guided by the experiment G.V.Rosenberg. This paper is devoted to the 65th anniversary of the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, which 55 years ago in June 1963 provided the ballistic calculations of spacecraft Vostok-5 and Vostok-6 and the successful flight of Soviet cosmonauts V.F.Bykovsky and V.V.Nikolaeva-Tereshkova - the first woman-cosmonaut.
Keywords:
Agung volcano, stratospheric aerosol layers, remote sensing from space, manned space exploration
Publication language: russian,  pages: 32
Research direction:
Mathematical modelling in actual problems of science and technics
Russian source text:
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About authors:
  • Sushkevich Tamara Alexeevna,  orcid.org/0000-0002-5531-3595KIAM RAS