Power geometry and expansions of solutions to the Painlevé equations

Abstract:

We consider the complicated and exotic asymptotic expansions of solutions to a polynomial ordinary differential equation (ODE). They are such series on integral powers of the independent variable, which coefficients are the Laurent series on decreasing powers of the logarithm of the independent variable and on its pure imaginary power correspondingly. We propose an algorithm for writing ODEs for these coefficients. The first coefficient is a solution of a truncated equation. For some initial equations, it is a polynomial. Question: will the following coefficients be polynomials? Here the question is considered for the third (P3), fifth (P5) and sixth (P6) Painlevé equations. We have found that second coefficients in six of eight families of complicated expansions are polynomials, as well in two of four families of exotic expansions, but in other four families, polynomiality of the second coefficient demands some conditions. We give a survey of these results.

Keywords:

expansions of solutions to ODE, complicated expansions, exotic expansions, polynomiality of coefficients, Painlevé equations

Publication language:english, pages:15

Research direction:

Mathematical modelling in actual problems of science and technics