The use of 3D visualization technology web-collections for the formation of virtual exhibitions
The paper is presents approaches to solving the problem of creating realistic interactive 3D web-collections of museum exhibits. It is shown how electronic copies of library, archival and museum storage objects, presented in the form of texts, graphic images, and audio-video objects, including 3D-models, can be integrated by means of an electronic library. The presentation of 3D-models of objects based on oriented polygonal structures is considered. The method of creating a virtual collection of 3D-models using interactive animation technology is described. It is also shown how a full-fledged 3D-model is constructed on the basis of individual exposure frames using photogrammetry methods. The paper assesses the computational complexity of constructing realistic 3D-models. For the creation of 3D-models in order to provide them to a wide range of users via the Internet, the socalled interactive animation technology is used. The paper presents the differences between the representations of full-fledged 3D-models and 3D-models presented in the form of interactive multiplication. The technology of creating 3D-models of objects from the funds of the State Biological Museum. K.A Timiryazev and the formation on their basis of the electronic library “Scientific Heritage of Russia” of a virtual exhibition dedicated to the scientific activities of M.M. Gerasimov and his anthropological reconstructions, and vividly demonstrating the possibility of integrating information resources by means of an electronic library. The format of virtual exhibitions allows you to combine the resources of partners to provide a wide range of users with collections stored in museum, archival and library collections.